The objective of the United Nations is to preserve international peace and security in accordance with the principles of justice and international law, including the promotion and encouragement of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms (article 1). IOM`s constitutional mission is to provide services to facilitate migration management „upon request and in agreement with the States concerned“ and to „comply with the laws, regulations and policies of the States concerned“ (art. 1). Iom`s agreement provides that IOM is required to behave in accordance with the objectives and principles set out in the UN Charter and to „take due account“ of UN policy in general (Article 2(5)), but it is easy to see how a conflict of interest might arise. As the „UN Migration Agency“, IOM has become a central reference in the lively global debate on the social, economic and political implications of migration in the twenty-first century. [11] IOM supported the creation of the Global Compact for Migration, the first intergovernmental agreement on international migration adopted in Marrakech, Morocco, in December 2018. [12] To support the implementation, monitoring and review of the Global Compact for Migration, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres established the UN Migration Network. The secretariat of the UN Migration Network is located at IOM and IOM Director General Antonio Vitorino is the coordinator of the network. [13] The pact was concluded in December 2018. It is a non-binding agreement that provides a framework for government cooperation in the field of migration policy. Paragraph 45 provides that IOM will be the secretariat and coordinator of the new „United Nations Migration Network“, which is responsible for monitoring and reviewing the commitments made by the Covenant, and which supports the implementation of those commitments, including capacity-building. Shortly after the conclusion of the IOM agreement, the General Assembly mandated IOM to facilitate the negotiation of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (the Compact) by providing „technical and policy expertise“, as recommended in the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants (annex II, paragraph 12). This situation was unusual in that the negotiation of an agreement led by the General Assembly would normally be facilitated by the United Nations Secretariat or by one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations.

The term `related organization` does not appear anywhere in the text of the Charter of the United Nations. It is an umbrella term for any organisation that has a cooperation agreement with the United Nations but is not a special agency of the United Nations. Nevertheless, the UN-IOM agreement mimics in many ways that between the United Nations and its specialized agencies, in accordance with Articles 57 and 63 of the UN Charter. The main difference is that a „specialized agency“ is subject to the direct control of the General Assembly. In an agreement similar to that concluded between the ORGANIZATION and its other related organizations, the terms of the IOM Agreement explicitly maintain the independence and non-normative structure of the Organization: „IOM acts as an independent, autonomous and non-normative international organization in the working relations established by this Agreement with the United Nations“. . .