One of the major court decisions that discuss the conflict between California law and the laws of other states is Application Group, Inc. v. Hunter Group, Inc. of 1998[29] In Hunter, a Maryland company required its Maryland-based employee to accept a one-year non-compete agreement. The contract stipulated that it must be regulated and interpreted in accordance with Maryland law. A Maryland employee then went to work for a competitor in California. When the new California employer sued in the California State Court to have the Confederacy invalidated from not competing, the California court agreed and ruled that the California non-compete clause was invalid and unenforceable. Section 16600 of the Business and Professions Act reflects a „strong public policy of the State of California“ and the state has a strong interest in enforcing its law and protecting its businesses so that they can hire employees of their choice. California law therefore applies to non-California workers looking for work in California. [Citation required] Employers in one of the following countries, who have not updated their employment contracts and termination and boarding procedures in the past four years run the risk that their competition bans and non-injunctions will not apply when the time comes to enforce them: finally, some academic studies have found that the limitation of the application of competition bans is accompanied by an increase in patents and the creation of companies. and that this affects the capacity of new businesses.

, researchers Sampsa Samila and Olav Sorenson, for example, reviewed data for nine years in a 2011 study and found that venture capital financing had a greater positive effect on the number of patents and business creations granted in states where the implementation of competition agreements is weaker.39 Another scientific study that has studied the creation of firms in the sector – enterprises created by workers of the same sector of the company that left them – but he suggested that another scientific study that studied business start-ups – companies created by workers from the same branch of the company they leave – suggested that, in some cases, strict enforcement of non-competition rules can help eliminate weaker start-ups. While the study found that states with strict application of competition contracts had less spin-offs, the companies that were created were generally larger and had better survival rates than other types of new startups.40 Jimmy John`s practice of requiring employees of the parentage to sign competitive contracts was first discovered when employees sued the company and one of them. of its franchises. While the complaint focused primarily on allegations that companies required employees to work outside the watch, workers amended the complaint in 2014 to respond to allegations that companies were asking them to sign overly broad and „oppressive“ non-competition agreements. 58 While opponents often assert that non-competition clauses are essential to the protection of trade secrets or client lists, there are generally laws in the states prohibiting the theft or disclosure of trade secrets and allowing the inclusion of non-rehousing clauses in employment contracts. In addition, a recent industry report shows that trade secrecy disputes – requiring companies to prove that a former employer misappropriated funds or threatened them with embezzled money – are more common in California, a state that prohibits the application of non-compete agreements.89 Historically, jurisprudence regulates the use of non-compete bonds. However, most states have also passed legislation that provides guidance on how courts should impose non-competition bans, for example. B if a court should amend or cancel an overly broad agreement.

In this legal framework, the courts have the right to